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  • Writer's pictureMaría Molina

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women. Origin.

Updated: Mar 8

The Mirabal sisters
The Mirabal sisters

The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women is commemorated annually on 25 November, all over the world, to denounce violence against women because they are women and to call for policies in all countries to eradicate it. It is a broader concept than what is understood as gender violence, although it includes it.

The commemoration of this day was initiated by the Latin American feminist movement, in 1981, in homage to the three Mirabal sisters (Patricia, Minerva and María Teresa), known as "Las Mariposas" (The Butterflies). The sisters were assassinated in the Dominican Republic in 1960, both for their political activism and for their resistance to Minerva's sexual harassment by the dictator Trujillo.

Minerva was sexually harassed by the dictator, who, angered by her refusal, retaliated against the entire Mirabal family.

The nickname "Las Mariposas" (The Butterflies) comes from the alias by which they were known in the clandestine political group "14 de junio", whose leader was Minerva's husband.

This documentary is very interesting to learn more about the history of Las Mariposas.

You can also look for the film "In the time of the Butterflies", of which here you have a trailer.

I hope I have contributed to the tribute to these women who mean so much on this day and who are so little known.

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